Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays. Aggression, the natural instincts of man, the hostility of each one against all and of all against each one, is an innate, independent, instinctual disposition, that constitutes a most powerful obstacle to culture (Freud, 2009).
The evolutionary explanation of human aggression suggests that aggression serves as an important function in terms of the individual’s survival as well as its potential to procreate.
While there are many biological factors associated with aggression, their predictive value remains still quite low. The first hurdle in researching aggression is how to define it. It is an easier task with animals, who tend to display stereotyped patterns of violence such as killing to gain food or territory.
Deterministic: Evolutionary explanations may seem to suggest that aggression is natural but Figuerdo (1995) suggests jealousy and domestic violence are context specific not inherent, women are less likely to be victims of domestic violence if they have several brothers in town, so aggression can be controlled.
These study notes cover the core topics relating to Aggression for A Level Psychology. Core Topics Revision Flashcards for AQA A Level Psychology SKU: 03-4130-30001-03.
Psychologists believe many psychological characteristics like aggression can be explained through evolution. Aggression may have served the purpose of increasing survival and protecting territory. The biological approach uses the scientific method like the experimental method as its main form of investigation which gives this approach validity.
Aggression is a behavior that is forceful, hostile or attacking. It can be either a form of retaliation or without provocation. In behavioral science studies it is known as an intention to cause harm, or show social dominance. Aggression can be demonstrated as physical, verbally or non-verbally.
Describe and evaluate biological explanations of depression There are many different explanations for depression, including biological.Links have been found between biochemical, genetics and hormonal imbalances with depressed people.In the biochemical explanation, a link has been found between neurotransmitter imbalances and depression.
Evolutionary explanations of aggression suggest that aggression serves an important function in terms of both individual survival as well as reproductive potential. Competition arises when resources are limited and animals must compete in order to survive and reproduce. Some behaviours, such as aggression, would have made it more likely that our ancestors survived and passed on their genes.
Discuss one or more social psychological theories of aggression. This essay will discuss two social psychological theories of aggression, which are social learning theory and deindividuation. It will briefly explain what is, pro-social behaviour, anti-social behaviour, aggression and social psychology. Lastly it will evaluate the findings before concluding.
The Exam Board expects you to compare the evolutionary explanation of aggression with the Freudian explanation of aggression. Freud's ideas are explained on another page. For now, I'll compare and contrast the biological explanation with the empiricist explanation that aggression is learned.
Describe and evaluate biological explanations of OCD (10 marks) The biological approach as an explanation of OCD believes that the disorder is caused by a fault in our body, either through genes, hormones, the brain, or neurotransmitters, therefore suggesting that OCD is caused by our nature, rather than our upbringing.
Although the social learning theory was initially an explanation for aggression, it has recently been extended to explain other behaviours such as anorexia. Furthermore, the theory can explain differences between and within individuals, in terms of cultural variation, with one study showing the US to be highly violent compared to societies in Central Africa, which manage to live in harmony.
Biology Dictionary is an online biology reference site providing definitions and explanations of common biology terms. It aims to help school and college students, as well as teachers and professors to have a better understanding on the terminologies they are looking for.
Evaluate the biological explanation of aggression. In your evaluation you must make at least one comparison with the psychodynamic explanation of aggression. An 8-mark “compare” question awards 4 marks for describing the biological theory of aggression (AO1) and 4 marks for evaluating it (AO3).Biological psychology investigates the influence of physiology on our behaviour. We will study the structure and functioning of the nervous system, the endocrine system and also the localisation of functions in the brain. We will compare a biological explanation of aggression with a classic psychological model of aggression: Freud’s theory.Including biological, evolutionary, and social psychological explanations for aggression, aggression in prisons and media influences on aggression. Who should choose Psychology? Psychology is the study of the mind and behaviour so if you are interested in people and why they think, feel and do the things they do then you may find this subject interesting.